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Poliomyelitis Deformities Treated
Poliomyelitis Deformity Treatment Delhi, Noida, NCR
Emergency Treatment Available : Yes
Any Age Limit : No
Follow-up Required : Yes
Digital X-ray Available: Yes
Hospitalization Required :Yes (2 to 4 Days)
Blood Sample Collection facility : Available
Physiotherapy Treatment : Yes, Required & Available (Well Equipped Physiotherapy Department)
About the Procedure : Please check the Procedure Description Box below
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Poliomyelitis is caused by the viral infection causing cold, diarrhea and fever at first which then leaves the flaccid paralysis behind. That is why known as post-polio residual paralysis.
The most commonly affected area is the lower limb, the upper limb (arms) are affected less commonly than legs. The soft limbs later become tighter and contractures develop thus giving them a shape of deformity. These deformities need to be treated in order to improve the quality of life of the patient as well as to make them walk independently.
Most common causes of deformities that occur in Polio are
1. Shoulder muscle weakness
2. Back muscles weakness, which leads to Scoliosis (C or S-shaped curvature of the spine).
3. Severe weakness of the muscles of the whole lower limb (thigh, knee, and leg)
4. Foot drop occurs (the patient is unable to move his/her foot upward).
5. The muscles of the affected area get reduced in size thus the affected limb appears much thinner than the unaffected one.
6. So the deformities occur in different positions where the muscle gets shortened and weak.
7. Due to severe muscle imbalance and weakness the joint dislocations also occur and if not treated well in time, then they get deformed in the same position.
Surgeries For Poliomyelitis Deformity Correction
1. Tendon transfer surgeries – The weak muscles are given a strong, healthy tendon and the movement is regained.
2. Arthrodesis – The bones are fused together to provide better stability to the child. This is done in cases of the unstable knee or unstable foot.
3. Limb length Correction Surgery – The limb length is asymmetrical in many polio cases, which is then corrected by the limb length correction surgery in order to eliminate limping.
4. Deformity Correction – The deformities like the excessive bending of the knee, excessive bending of the hip, Frog-position, foot-drop etc are treated with the surgeries and the correction is maintained by the use of orthosis in the recovery period.
5. Correction by Osteotomy – The bones are shaped in such a way that the deformity is corrected and the patient is able to use the muscles around it too.
6. Tendon Lengthening – This is done mostly in cases of foot drop or other foot deformities. The Tendon is slit and the healing is allowed to take place in a lengthened position thus correcting the deformity.